Creditors seeking to execute on debtors’ assets to collect on judgments face legal limits under Illinois law, which lets a debtor claim certain types of property as exempt from enforcement of a judgment, wage deduction order or other collection measure. A creditor’s attorney must conduct a thorough examination of a judgment debtor’s assets to determine which assets are available in whole or in part as sources of payment of the amount due.
The satisfaction of judgment process begins by serving a citation to discover assets, which requires the debtor to fill out an Income and Asset Form detailing their revenue sources and the money and property in their possession. The debtor can then appear in court and claim certain assets as exempt. These are the major exemptions under Illinois law:
A creditor may challenge the validity of an exemption that appears questionable and to obtain court orders to compel the debtor to deliver up any nonexempt assets. An experienced debtor and creditor attorney can be invaluable in helping creditors enforce their rights.
Creditors and collection agents must also navigate a multitude of federal laws governing debt collections. Creditors must comply with the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, which restricts debt collectors’ actions to enforce consumer debts. Non-compliance with applicable laws can expose the creditor and/or its agents to sanctions and other potential liability.
Located in Chicago, Schwartz & Kanyock, LLC is a full-service Illinois commercial litigation and debtor and creditor law firm. Our attorneys are highly experienced in every aspect of debt collection and asset seizure practices. If you have a judgment you need to enforce, please contact us online or call 312-436-1442 for an initial consultation.